Geography and Climate
Korea is situated on the Korean Peninsula, which spans 1,100 kilometres north to south. The Korean Peninsula lies on the northeastern section of the Asian continent, where Korean waters are joined by the westernmost parts of the Pacific. The peninsula shares its northern border with China and Russia. To the east is the East Sea, beyond which neighbouring Japan lies. To the west is the Yellow Sea. In addition to the mainland, Korea includes some 3,200 islands. Korea encompasses a total of 223,170 square kilometres - almost the same size as the United Kingdom.
Korea enjoys four seasons and a variety of different weather types. Located in the East Asian monsoon belt, the peninsula has hot, humid summers and long, dry, cold winters. Spring and autumn are rather short, but very pleasant with crisp weather and many days of sunshine.
Temperatures range from a low of -15 degrees Celsius in winter to a high of 35 degrees Celsius in summer. The three months of June, July and August have the heaviest rains, with July usually being the wettest month of the year. Winter starts in late November and lasts until early March. It is dominated by a high pressure zone caused by cold blasts or air from Siberia. There is little precipitation and the skies are usually clear. Winter in the South is generally not as severe as it is in the North.
The weather in early spring is somewhat unpredictable with frequent rainfalls and gusty winds, carrying yellow dust from Northern China. However, in mid-April, the country enjoys balmy weather with the mountains and fields garbed in brilliant wild flowers. Autumn is beautiful with crisp air and blue skies and the countryside is coloured in a variety of mellow hues.